Here is a copy of George Washington Carver 1920 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Certificate. Originally initiated in 1918, George Washington Carver was a charter member of the Tuskegee Institute Alumni Chapter made up of Tuskegee Faculty members.
He began his formal education at the age of twelve, which required him to leave the home of his adopted parents. Schools segregated by race at that time with no school available for black students near Carver’s home. He moved to Newton County in southwest Missouri, where he worked as a farm hand and studied in a one-room schoolhouse. He went on to attend Minneapolis High School in Kansas. College entrance was a struggle, again because of racial barriers. At the age of thirty, Carver gained acceptance to Simpson College in Indianola, Iowa, where he was the first black student. Carver had to study piano and art and the college did not offer science classes. Intent on a science career, he later transferred to Iowa Agricultural College (now Iowa State University) in 1891, where he gained a Bachelor of Science degree in 1894 and a Master of Science degree in bacterial botany and agriculture in 1897. Carver became a member of the faculty of the Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanics (the first black faculty member for Iowa College), teaching classes about soil conservation and chemurgy.
As an agricultural chemist, Carver discovered three hundred uses for peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes. Among the listed items that he suggested to southern farmers to help them economically were his recipes and improvements to/for: adhesives, axle grease, bleach, buttermilk, chili sauce, fuel briquettes, ink, instant coffee, linoleum , mayonnaise , meat tenderizer, metal polish, paper, plastic, pavement, shaving cream, shoe polish, synthetic rubber, talcum powder and wood stain.
Among many awards and honors were:
The Honorable Bro. A. Langston Taylor | Founder, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.
January 29, 1890 – August 8, 1953
Brothers, yesterday, I paid homage to the great Bro. Francis Hall. Today, I am honoring our Founder who passed away 61 years ago today.
However, I have to thank, Bro. Hall, who I told you, kept almost everything. In his collection were the following items:
Happy Birthday Bro. Francis L. Hall (August 7, 1915 – January 20, 2006)
Brothers, I have in my possession, what I believe is one of the first editions of the Sigma Light, it is has many edits, changes, and highlights in it. I also have the manuscript of what I believe was from the first edition of the Sigma Light. These items belonged to Bro. Francis Hall, one of the co-authors of the Light. I knew Bro. Francis Hall. He imparted so much knowledge, wisdom, and history on not only me, but so many Sigmas that his memory lives in all of us. He made sure, that his vast collection was entrusted to me, and as I share his items with you daily, I hope you pass it on to those on your list serves and email list. Bro. Hall as you can see kept almost everything. He joined Phi Beta Sigma May 6, 1935 – Alpha Chapter – Howard University. I have his autograph book, that Alpha Chapter and other Sigma brothers signed when he was on line.
Giving honor to Brother Hall. Happy Birthday Bro. Hall. Your Light continues to shine
God Bless and Thank You.